Actas de la Conferencia Anual Internacional de Salerno 2009

(Topic A) Methodoligical proposal for the activation of localized agroalimentary systems in Argentina. Irene VELARDE
  • Profesor Adjunto Irene VELARDE
Abstract :

Argentina, a country which produces foods for the world, is currently in a paradoxical situation: the exportation of commodities is ever increasing, but poverty rates are also increasing.

Agricultural policies have not yet solved the conflict arising from such a contradiction. They are centered on an exclusively agricultural treatment of the situation and based on programs aiming at the enhancement of production and productivity of those products which generate currency income, disregarding the fact that rural affairs involve other very significant dimensions.

In this highly critical context, the Faculty of Agrarian and Forest Sciences of the National University of La Plata carried out a project with small wine producers from Berisso –a city 70 km away from the City of Buenos Aires–, based on the activation of a typical product: the wine of Berisso coast. The investigation project was developed from 1999 to 2009 and it allowed constructivist learning and the recovery of know-how and the territorial identity of traditional producers, by means of the recognition of their practices and the product’s anchorage to a specific territory. Innovation was generated by the different actors, adapting their ways of producing and marketing to a successful valuation scheme agreed by consensus.

This case is interesting to outline a methodology of activation of Localized Agroalimentary Systems (SIAL), defined as “organizations of production and services (agricultural production units, agroalimentary companies, service companies, gastronomic companies…) associated, by their characteristics and functioning, to a specific territory. Means, products, people, institutions, knowhow, alimentary behavior and relationship networks are combined into a form of agroalimentary organization in a given geographical space” (Muchnik J., Sautier D., Cirad-SAD, 1998). Localized agroalimentary systems take the specificity of the local and its interaction with the global as a starting point. The common objective of such contributions is to foster territorial development through the valuation of local products, especially food.

The concept of system implies the interaction of different elements. The SIAL approach consists, in the first place, in the delimitation of such systems and the identification of their components, in order to ensure an adequate methodological tool for the coordination of the elements and the stability and efficiency of the systems. SIAL include a wide variety of situations, from productions destined for local markets or self-consumption to productions destined for exportation (Muchnik, J. 2008).

This paper presents a methodological proposal originated from practical work and focused not on recipes established beforehand such as shortening chains, horizontal integration, production of specialties, etc, but rather on the understanding of what people are, know, want and can do.

The proposal for the activation of SIAL comprises the following phases:

  • identification of system components
  • participative diagnosis of local resources
  • training and information generation for the solution of technical problems (investigation or specificexperimentation)
  • elaboration of sustainable systemic projects

salerno09-velarde-es 681,22 kB

(Topic A) Territorio, ambiente, lugares e instrumentos de gestión. Marina BLANCA
  • Arq. Marina Blanca
    mblanca@gigared.com. +(54) 343 4229864
    blancamarinal@hotmail.com
    Andrés Pazos 215 dto.18, Paraná- Argentine
    Coordinadora General de Proyectos- Secretaría de Planificación e Infraestructura
    Municipalidad de Paraná
    Tesista Maestría Gestión Ambiental de Desarrollo Urbano (GADU) UNC
    Integrante Equipo TAG Lugar Innova, UNLP
TERRITORIO, AMBIENTE, LUGARES e INSTRUMENTOS de GESTIÓN. El caso del Nuevo Distrito Bajada Grande, Paraná, Argentina
Introducción

salerno09-blanca-es 1,65 MB

(Topic B) A community environment design hypertool. Application to sustainable cities interaction regulation. Philippe WOLOSZYN
  • Philippe Woloszyn
    ESO UMR CNRS 6590
    Université de Haute Bretagne Rennes2
    Maison de la Recherche en Sciences Sociales
    35043 Rennes, France
  • Eve Ross
    CREM
    Université Paul Verlaine-Metz
    Ile du Saulcy
    57000 Metz, France
  • Frédéric Luckel
    ENSAS
    Ecole Nationale Supérieure d’Architecture de Strasbourg,
    8 Bld Wilson
    67000 Strasbourg, France
  • Gaëtan Bourdin
    LBA (Les Badauds Associés)
    22 place Pierre Semard
    44400 Rezé, France
Summary:

This paper develops an innovative structure of knowledge collaboration forms that allows effective and creative collaboration among the actors along territorial design process.
To contribute to the development of the social dimension of the sustainable development, we investigate a new methodology and computational tools for understanding and facilitating multi-disciplinary, cross-cultural collaboration in sustainable architectural-, urban- land- and ambient-scape design, through evaluating collaboration among project developers, local authorities, architects, engineers, contractors, building inspectors, clients and future users.
Therefore, this proposed integrative tool increases the pool of knowledge and skills available to undertake activities that exceed the capacities of any single person or organization on its own, thus making possible the design and construction of complex skills, especially buildings and ambiences in urban or suburban environment.

Keywords :

collaborative environnement, sustainable landscape, urban design, ambient design, hypertool system, territorial intelligence, Participative game, informational dimensioning, entropy evaluation.

salerno09-woloszyn-en 576,91 kB


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