Actas de la Conferencia Anual Internacional de Salerno 2009

Actas de la Conferencia Anual Internacional de Salerno 2009

Estos procedimientos se reúnen los documentos de la conferencia internacional iniciada por la Inteligencia Territorial titulada Inteligencia Territorial y la cultura de desarrollo.

Salerno 2009 fue la séptima conferencia anual internacional de inteligencia territorial.
En la conferencia de un nuevo tema fue introducido. La relevancia de este tema ha aumentado de manera constante en los últimos años: el papel de la cultura en el desarrollo territorial sostenible.

Los trabajos presentados en la conferencia se divide en cinco temas:

Tema A: Estado del Arte de la Inteligencia Territorial

Tema B: Conocimiento de los territorios de acción territorial (conocimientos, información e indicadores, métodos analíticos, herramientas de explotación, la toma de decisiones)

Tema C: La gobernanza territorial, las poblaciones vulnerables y territorios de tensión

Tema D: Desarrollo de Cultura, Turismo y desarrollo territorial (cultura como el cuarto pilar de la diversidad del desarrollo, la gobernanza y el patrimonio cultural y el desarrollo sostenible, el acceso a la cultura y la planificación del desarrollo cultural, turístico y cultural Desarrollo Sostenible)

Tema E: La combinación de la sostenibilidad económica, social y ambiental en el contexto de la transición socio-ecológica: los cambios en las áreas de empleo y los sistemas locales de empleo y bienestar.

(Topic B) Palimpsests from the Province of Buenos Aires. Past, present and future of Trenque Lauquen City’s territories and places. Mariela Veronica ALVA
  • Arch. Mariela Verónica Alva
    marielalva@gmail.com
    Buenos Aires, Argentina
    Coordinator of the Research Division, School of Architecture, Palermo
    University, Argentina.
    Scholarship holder: Urban and Regional Planning Postgraduate Course
    (University of Buenos Aires).
    LIA-TAG Team: Laboratory of Applied Research – Territories, Actors,
    Governance. National University of La Plata, Argentina.
Abstract:

This paper was written within the framework of a thesis project for the Master’s Degree in Urban and Regional Planning at the University of Buenos Aires. It deals with a case study of Trenque Lauquen City (located in the northwest of Buenos Aires Province, Argentina**); it attempts to understand processes of territorial transformation experienced since the city was founded, in 1876. The “round lake”, which gives its name to the city in the language of the Mapuche Indians, is surrounded by urbanization, and located within the sub-humid Pampa. According to the last census of population and housing, it hosted 30,764 of the 13,827,203 inhabitants of the province’s territory in 2001. It concentrates the main regional economic activities: agriculture, dairy farming and cattle raising. Secondary and tertiary activities also take place there: manufacturing industry, services and commerce. Our research activities are aimed to studying the territorial organization and the places developed through the history of Trenque Lauquen. To that end we apply theoretic-methodological criteria for territorial analysis from the analysis guidelines of time-space, systems of objects and systems of actions.

Keywords:

Palimpsests, territorial transformation, territorial organization, places, territory

salerno09-alva-en 412.53 kB

(Topic B) Recent territorial changes in the port of La Plata, Buenos Aires. Argentina Fabricio GLIEMMO
  • Prof. Lic. Fabricio Gliemmo
    Members of the TAG team. “Lugar Innov@” – UNLP
    Universidad Nacional de La Plata. Argentina
    Av.7 Nº 776 – 1900 La Plata, Argentina
    geo_fabricio@hotmail.com + (54) 221-4895394

This research refers to an ongoing investigation related to an urban industrial port area which is located on the south bank of the estuary of the Río de la Plata, 10 km from the capital city of the Province of Buenos Aires, Argentina. From Territories, Actors and Governance Team (TAG), a useful academic contribution to institutions and social actors involved in the Territories and places described. We will try to offer, therefore, some contributions in line with the methods outlined in the heart of the Possible Territories Network, Territoring Method, related to investigation and intervention. Taking as starting point a conceptual territorial base though not exclusive, we complement this view with input and tools from social, economic, environmental disciplines, among others. In this research the recent territorial transformations (ordering of uses and functions, land use, investments, etc.) are analized in relation to the port jurisdiction of La Plata. Particularly, we will study the logic displayed by social, political, economic actors and their patterns of occupation and ownership of the space. (Santos, M: 1996, 2000) (Karol, J: 2004).The resulting dispute over the use and appropriation of space between different activities (productive and unproductive) accentuate the complex overlapping of jurisdictions and agencies with potential competition authority. In this port area there are long-standing conflicts due to the complex network of actors with different interests in space…

salerno09-gliemmo-en 778.52 kB

(Topic B) Territorial Reconversion and territorial knowledge: added-value of a territorial intelligence process in Flémalle (Belgium). Christophe BREUER
  • Breuer Christophe
    PhD. Student, Research Assistant in Geography & Urban planning – University of Liege
    Associate researcher of the SEGEFA
    Master complémentaire en Urbanisme et aménagement du territoire
    Master en Sciences Géographiques
    christophe.breuer@ulg.ac.be, +32 (0) 4 366 57 47
  • Devillet Guénaël
    Director SEGEFA – University of Liege
    Docteur en Sciences
    G. Devillet@ulg.ac.be, +32 (0) 4 366 53 19
  • Mérenne-Schoumaker Bernadette
    Invited Professor – University of Liege (Department of Geography)
    B.Merenne@ulg.ac.be, +32 (0) 4 366 53 24
Preamble

The areas of industrial tradition have to face many challenges, among which the reduction of unemployment, soil depollution, economic redeployment and urban revival are important issues. These basins are singularly affected by world and regional dynamics, in front of which the local actors, first concerned, feel penniless. More generally, one can consider that local territories are subjected to increasingly complex constraints and dynamics (delocalization, metropolisation, exurbanisation…). This makes essential the search for innovating solutions in order to ensure a harmonious development of territories respecting sustainable development principles.

Conscious of the fact that the economic redeployment cannot be considered under only one sectoral angle, but that it is necessary to adopt a systemic approach; the SEGEFA brought its methodological support and its expertise in order to create a project of territory which integrates economic, social and environmental dimensions. This final report must make it possible for the Commune to take specific measures for the concretization of a strategic development plan. Consequently, it constitutes a tool of decision-making aid. At the beginning of the project, the participation of citizens was privileged in order to enrich the diagnosis by a more perceptive approach, and to share the conclusions of the territorial project for the broadest adhesion possible. Consequently, territorial actors were recognized as experts of the real-life experience of their territories, essential component of the participative step.

The experiment carried on in Flémalle tends to engage a permanent process of territorial intelligence, through the actors and with the support of an expert assesment either internally or externally. The first part of this article will deal with the particular context of the research, which tends to justify the emergence of the concept of territorial intelligence in a metropolitan context. The second chapter will be related to the methods employed in order to implement the stages, before approaching the results of the latter in the third chapter. The last chapter will approach, finally, the keys of the success of the process and the added-value generated by a process of territorial intelligence, in view of the research undertaken in the coordination action of the European network of territorial intelligence (caENTI).

salerno09-breuer-en 327.13 kB

(Topic B) Territorial and Mapping Hypothesis. Application of Portulano Method for the case Chascomús and Lezama, Buenos Aires, Argentina. Fabricio GLIEMMO

Prof. Lic. Fabricio Gliemmo y Prof. Lic. Juan Pablo del Río
Members of the TAG team. “Lugar Innov@” – UNLP
Universidad Nacional de La Plata. Argentina
Av.7 Nº 776 – 1900 La Plata, Argentina
geo_fabricio@hotmail.com + (54) 221-4895394

salerno09-gliemmo2-en 506.18 kB

(Topic B) The redemption of the commons. Contributions to urban planning from territorial intelligence and ecological economics. Leopoldo GURMAN
  • Leopoldo Gurman.
    B.sc. in Economics,
    Master’s candidate in Urban Planning
    Member of the LIA-TAG Team – National University of La Plata, Argentina
    leopoldo.gurman@gmail.com
Keywords:

Territorial intelligence, urban planning, ecological economics, sustainable development, quality of life

salerno09-gurman-en 549.91 kB

(Topic B) The terroir products, between environment, culture and territorial development. Serge ORMAUX
  • Serge Ormaux
    Professor at the University of Franche-Comté
    Director of the TheMA laboratory (UFC- CNRS)
Abstract :

In the double context of globalization and socio-ecological transition, numerous territories are in search of models of development granting a larger place in social dimension, in environment, in culture, and generally in immaterial resources. They also explore other kinds of governance based on collaboration, participation and global approach. In this regard, the mode of development constructed on the promotion of “terroir products” appears as a particularly promising way; on condition of course that the reference to the” terroir” is not a simple argument of marketing in the service of a product but the support of a true project of territory.

The definition given in France by INAO and INRA and validated during the international meeting of UNESCO in 2005 meets some of the principles emphasized by the paradigm of territorial intelligence:

“The terroir is a delimited geographical area defined by a human community which constructs in the course of its history a lot of distinctive cultural characteristics, collective knowledge and practices that are founded on a system of correlation between natural environment and human factors. This know-how reveals originality, confers typicalness, and allows recognition for products or services native to this space and therefore for men who live there. Terroirs are innovative areas which cannot be only assimilated with tradition”.

To illustrate this definition, we shall lean on the Jura Mountains in France, that are particularly rich in “products of terroir”, worked out under official quality sign. We shall show how a strategy of promotion of “terroirs” in link with historical heritage and landscape can keep the population in rural areas, give perspectives to the young people and attract tourists and visitors, while reinforcing identity of territory.

Operations of labellisation or geographical demarcation can be considered as revealing of the functioning of the territorial system. Solidarities and oppositions come to light better than through an audit. It confers to the analysis of these scenarios a great scientific interest.

In the opposite, all these steps can lay the foundations for a shared territorial diagnosis, can gather energies, and can be the opportunity of a detailed reflection on the objectives of a socio-spatial entity.

Keywords:

terroir, collective knowledge, typicalness, identity, Jura

salerno09-ormaux-en 200.36 kB

(Topic C) Forms of Participation, Nimbyism and Local Knowledge. Geranno AVALLONE
  • Gennaro AVALLONE (University of Salerno) – gavallone@unisa.it
Forms of Participation, Nimbyism and Local Knowledge.Notes about two case-studies in the Campania region
Summary:

The field of development is subject to shifts in paradigms, and it is important to examine how some new approaches are present in this partial change. The relationship between different forms of local participation and local knowledge is interesting for a new approach to the sustainable development. In this paper the attention is pointed on the different forms taken by local participation and knowledge in the practice of development, with regard to the politics of waste management. Two cases in the Campania region are studied: Ariano Irpino, in the province of Avellino, and Acerra, in the province of Naples. The general goal is to point in evidence how some forms of informal participation can produce and stimulate different and deeper knowledge about local environmental issues.

Keywords:

participation, local knowledge, grassroots movements, sustainable development, hazardous waste management

salerno09-avallone-en 258.58 kB

(Topic C) Territorial Governance, Cultural Diversity and Sustainable Development in The Rural Area. Mihai PASCARU
  • Mihai Pascaru
    University “1 Decembrie 1918” Alba Iulia, Romania
Keywords:

Territorial Governance, Cultural Diversity, Sustainable Development

salerno09-pascaru-en 105.55 kB

(Topic C) Vulnerable Populations and accomodation Strategy: The Delwendé Development Association and the Touaregs refugees (1993-1996). Claude-Etienne SISSAO
  • Claude-Etienne SISSAO
Abstract:

The Association for Development Delwendé and the Touaregs refugees (1993-1996)

In 1995, the world officially had 14.4 million refugees; Africa counted almost half of that number, that is to say 6.8 million. The conflicts in the Great Lakes area and in the horn of Africa used to cause most of these forced displacements. West Africa was not spared, especially Burkina Faso that counted about 50,000 of them. The consequence is a high vulnerability of the populations forced to displacement. It is the distress of people who lost the main thing, their residence, and who wanders in the bush, in the villages and the cities in quest of an uncertain refuge. Which answer was given to that situation of population’s forced displacement?

Usually, the issue of refugees directly comes under the competence of public authorities, the United Nations’ System institutions and of international NGO. Now, the main victims invited a local Non Governmental Organization of Burkina Faso, for a straight out response. What is to be done? That is the subject of this communication, which highlights the logical conditions in which this relief was offered initially in a spontaneous way, and thereafter in a way transformed into a strategy, consisting in setting up a coherent and effective relief program.

The process analysis, which consisted in installing a population in a country or in a foreign area with its usual environment, requires fundamental questionings and which answers build the first part of the research, namely what are the major causes of this situation. Thus, is it necessary to attribute these causes to the absence of permanent accommodation facilities or is it necessary to go up to the deepest origins of tensions caused by the disturbance of an old order? If these two interrogations are right, it would be interesting for better clarifying our judgement, to go back in history to see the remote reasons which caused the tensions that paid the way to an open regional crisis; and also see which were the first reactions – particularly those of the accommodation facility -, which led thereafter to the organization of a massive installation.

The second part tackles the subject itself, namely the organization, the human and material means gathered to accommodate the refugees. That consisted primarily in negotiating means of subsistence for people that have become extremely vulnerable, therefore in finding partners. The relief offering consisted in giving food, infrastructures of accommodation (housing), health and school facilities, implementing income generating activities, etc. At the same time, the analysis of the undertaken actions relates to the consecutive difficulties, that is a draft of the advantages and difficulties both for the refugees and the accommodation site, in this case the village of Sag Niogo.

Finally, the objective of this research is not to exhaustively deal with responses brought to the issues of the refugees in Burkina Faso; it is rather to highlight the effort of a modest local structure, resulting from the civilian society called “Association pour le Développement Delwendé “, which officially worked in providing relief to the people moved between 1993-1996. It acted in response to the problems generated by a type of forced displacement: that of Touaregs, native of Mali and Niger which made this migratory wave.

The research is based on the Association files, and especially on actors and witnesses’ testimonies.

Keywords:

Refugees, Touaregs, Relief, HCR, Association for Development Delwendé, Support,History

salerno09-sissao-en 636.60 kB

(Topic D) Emotional landscapes in the imagery of Campania university students. Antonina PLUTINO
  • Antonina Plutino
    Geography Researcher
    Educational Sciences Department
    University of Salerno
    e-mail: aplutino@unisa.it

Landscape and emotion

This paper will attempt to study the relationship between landscape and emotionalism, which has not been studied enough or in depth by subjects and from different perspectives where the landscape has been understood and studied. Through a research carried out by the Geography Laboratory with students from the Italian region of Campania, which had as main object an Italian landscape where students would have wanted to live for at least six months (except Campania), it came out a process of identitarian emotion (…)

salerno09-plutino-en 1,019.30 kB

(Topic D) Going tourist. Tourism and translation of local cultures. Rita SALVATORE
  • Rita SALVATORE
Keywords:

tourism, local culture, translation, identity making, fair development

Introduction

Within the topic related to culture, tourism and sustainable development, this paper focuses on the notion of tourist translation of local cultures. In particular, it analyses some of the cultural processes tourism development can trigger in those territories the European Commission (2003) has defined as “no? traditional tourist destinations”. In this definition it is meant to include those places that: (a) were not interested by mainstream tourism in the past (b) remained peripheral compared to industrialised urban areas (c) are usually characterised by micro communities and sparse population. Most of these realities are often part of a protected area. That is why the considerations here made can be referred to eco? tourism1 in general and in particular to that kind of tourism that looks to both natural and cultural patrimonies (that is to local heritage), in order to experiment with new models of fair development. In analysing the social changes this type of tourism requires, the article reviews theoretical concepts of authenticity and cultural sustainability, as to propose an ideal? typical process of intelligent tourist translation of local heritages (…)

salerno09-salvatore-en 141.81 kB

(Topic D) Heritage mediation, a component of territories sustainable development. Sophie LACOUR
  • Sophie Lacour, Docteur en Sciences de l’information et de la communication
    sophie.lacour@univ-mlv.fr, Université Paris-Est, IFIS – Laboratoire IDIT – IFIS –Charles
    Cros– 6 cours du Danube – 77700 Serris – 06.86.11.67.43
Keywords:

heritage, mediation, sustainable development, territorial intelligence

Introduction

We hope this publication will highlight the contribution of heritage mediation in a policy of territories sustainable development, becoming at once an element of identity, social cohesion, attractiveness, influence, territorial communication and economic development. This thinking is part of a territorial intelligence approach that seeks, as advocated by JJ Girardot, “to improve understanding of the structure and dynamics of territories”. (Girardot, 2002) To support our demonstration we will focus on a specific area of heritage mediation we will call Ahvp1. This sector has the particularity to unify in one practice all systems and processes that characterize mediation heritage: culture, economy, preservation and conservation, and involvement of residents.

salerno09-lacour-en 170.81 kB

(Topic D) Local culture on-line. Peter ACS
  • Peter ÁCS PhD, University of Pécs, Department of Communication and Media Studies
Summary

This presentation is a theoretical approach of an existing, planed real word project. The city of Pécs is going to be European Capital of Culture in 2010. Enterprise and academic efforts are spend on to promote local people to participate and play communicative and open role in this process. Using scenas in virtual space for local communication is one of the possibilities to support collaboration for real actions. The concept of e-neighborhood seems to turn real. This thematic “walk” is about to show some connection between theories of tourism, locality and network communication.

salerno09-acs-en 79.78 kB

(Topic D) The Compostela Ways: Search for Meaning, Importance of Relations and Stakes of Sustainable Development. Christian BOURRET
  • BOURRET Christian – Université Paris Est / IDIT (France)
Keywords:

Compostela, interactions, meaning, relations, sustainable development, tourism

Summary:

The Compostela Ways are fashionable. They are an interesting research object in an approach from an information and communication science perspective, focusing on theinteractions and the primacy of the relationship to meet with issues of Territorial Intelligence. We will study the Compostela Ways as a special ground for the meeting of Competitive Intelligence in its societal and cultural dimension with Territorial Intelligence, particularly as a revealing and an identity marker, with the importance of the question of meaning. We will then study in terms of sustainable economic development of the territories crossed.

salerno09-bourret-en 199.67 kB

(Topic D) The Cultural Heritage and Development: The Case of Laviano Area. Emiliana MANGONE
  • Emiliana Mangone
    Researcher in Sociology of cultural and communicational processes
    emangone@unisa.it, + 39 089 96 22 87
    Professional address
    University of Salerno – Via Ponte don Melillo – 84084 Fisciano (SA) Italy
Summary:

Every territory is characterized by its own scheme of endougenus function that depends on history, cultural and social phenomenon, geomorphologic asset of territory, combination of sub-jective and objective factors. Then, a model of analyses that considers the plural dimension of terri-tory must measures not only economic variables but also those social and cultural ones that put in evidence the territorial and structural differences.

This paper comes from a series of reflections based on this statement, and in a specific way on the social phenomenon that in the last years is growig more and more: the emigration of new gen-erations in a territory which the population is mainly composed of old people.

The following pages want to show and, where it is possible, to interpreter the reality of little ter-ritories, (like in the case of Laviano Area), that want to stop the migration of new generations from territory and encourage several actions that tend to an integrated and sustainable development which permit the “territories survive” without repudiate theirs “vocation” and “cultural heritage”.

Keywords:

cultural heritage, territorial development, emigrants

salerno09-mangone-en 542.42 kB

(Topic D) The cultural dimension of territorial intelligence, state of the art, case of cultural heritage. Luc GRUSON
  • Luc Gruson, associate Professor at UFC university Besançon (labo Thema)
Keywords:

identity, territory, cultural development, social cohesion, cultural diversity

Abstract:

A new field of research and experimentation is the cultural dimension of territorial intelligence, which means the analysis of the cultural conditions of a sustainable development.

Theses conditions are at least cultural diversity and social cohesion. Some significant works have been done concerning the link between culture, territory and identity; cultural diversity is very often considered from the point of view of cultural industries, but it must refer firstly to different people living in the same territory. A very important question is how diversity can be taken into account in the field of heritage and cultural wealth. After his very important work about « places of memory », Pierre Nora explains that there are three ages of the national heritage in France (but it is true elsewhere).

In the first Era (before 1980), the aim was to take inventory of exceptional and outstanding monuments and masterpieces of art and architecture.

After 1980, it was admitted that cultural heritage had to be enlarged to landscapes, but also to all human kinds of culture, including local heritage, minorities heritages, oral tradition and intangible culture (such as Unesco does for the list of world heritage). Since the beginning of the new century, because of digital technologies, everything can be conserved, everything can be added to common heritage, like billions of photographs available on the web.

This re evaluation of what we call cultural heritage has consequences on identities, and also on the link between culture and development. More and more, economists take into account the value of immaterial assets. It can be also proven that cultural heritage can be a source of local developmentand social cohesion. But local actors could work more efficiently if they had tools able to mobilisecultural resources in local developments projects. It could be a track for discussion in Enti Program.

salerno09-gruson-en 194.25 kB


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